Body discourse has been emphasized by modern thinkers such as Friedrich Nietzsche, Jean-Paul Sartre, G. Marcel, M. Merleau-Ponty, Michel Foucault, and Gilles Deleuze after the thinker in the 18th century named Giambattista Vico that emphasized the body politics as cogito equation of Descartes was decisively opposed. Especially, realization of body in the socially unstable era including World War I and II was noticeably artistically worth considering.
There are many of artists showing an interest in fine art history in the 20th century.
Among them, female artist named Mona Hatoum born in Israel performing in England attempted many times to work on local difference that understood the political and gender disparity in a different way through a medium of physical body.
I was more impressed by connectivity with communication as a theme on my work more than surprised by the preposterous work style of her. Reflecting the meaning of real communication, it was feasible to consider the communication between two organisms as well as them being together. At this time, if regarding two organisms as a human being, the medium of communication between speaker and listener is of the physical body.
People’s bodies become the medium as to how they can co-exist with other creatures in which space and also for communication that can express verbal or body language.
In this sense, it is quite sensational for her work to express the body as a communication tool, in other words, the medium or art piece.