Category Archives: Artist

Art for art’s sake

Bruce Nauman

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Bruce Nauman 

Nowadays, many of the artists represent the interest in language and sound as a core element of human society through diverse modern expressive methods including video art, image, installation, and performance. Words from people, in other words; imaging the communication when installation or performance was not a mainstream in the field of pure fine art might have been difficult. When many of the artists made a new venture in their own areas, Nauman selecting an expression mode of pop fine artist adhering to design element of letters in the 1960s and representing an exhibition that showed how convenient communication with artists was feasible through publicized works is one of the artists I, as a person eagerly pursue to freely express the subjects in communication but also image the sound and letters, desperately want to study.

Nauman made his debut as a painter in the field of fine artist but expanded his areas of specialty into performance, sculpture, installation, video, movie, photo, and drawing after stop working on painting since 1965. He placed higher priority on manufacturing courses over completed works as well as on a course of creating substances and changes.

Neon sign pieceswere firstly displayed in his private exhibition in 1968 representing how much he was interested in physical body. He treated physical body as an object and focused only on behaviors of body movement. This is in the same context from Storyteller by Walter Benjamin that people exist as a role of medium with body conveying the meaning while communicating with words including sounds. In 1970, he expanded a range of themes he dealt with towards the physical body not as a target but as a main subject. It was around this time when he made an approach for how specific situations were recognized by humans and what behaviors were caused out of them

Life and death have started being much considered since 1980. Nauman conveyed them through the image of public culture and media. In addition, influence by analytic philosophyby Wittgenstein, Nauman was interested in language much more than anyone else. According to the study by Wittgenstein, it was shown from an inquiry of how it was feasible to communicate with people in language representing that limitation of communication was from restriction in the use of language. In addition, when sentences indicating what had to be communicated with people were written on a piece of paper with symbols and letters in the form of image, people were able to express their thought in words. This was why it was not feasible to express the meaning that was non-existent in words through letters and how the definition was made on how “something to be said could only be said thesis (sentences), and, hence, anything needed to understand every thesis could not be said.” Influenced by this assertion by Wittgenstein, Nauman ended up re-structuring the words or letters or creating phrases unexpectedly made by homonyms to make totally new meaning from familiar words in the past. A funny but creative idea that when making a new thesis, in other words, a sentence with combination of re-structured letters based on assertion by Wittgenstein that limitation of language was the limitation of thought showed that new thesis made by different combination of characteristics of pre-established language over a mistake of letter combination regarded to be instantaneous happening came to humans as an expanded and new meaning from practical communication. In other words, it represented how an accidental expansion of language could extend a scope of communication.

Yeondoo Jung

Yeondoo Jung – Crayon-pop special 2014 Performence


 Yeondoo Jung

There is a five-member idol girl group named ‘Crayon-Pop’ in Korea. This idol group performs with unfashionable dress singing for comic songs and ended up gaining much fame by the fans unlike most of other idol girl groups performing with professional and high level group dance wearing sexy or beautiful clothes in Korea. 

Time Magazine in America mentioned Crayon-Pop as a K-pop group with many of old fans and focused on dealing with ‘old pop fans’ aged between 30s and 50s. Original text from Time Magazine released an article saying that ‘old fans’ of aged male group were increasing on K-pop singer performance that teenagers most likely preferred to watch. In addition, it explained in a quote from Steven Knight, a 47-year-old big fan of K-pop in America, “Old fans of K-pop tend to like groups pursuing the fun over sexy image.”

With a theme of a girl group “Crayon-Pop,” Yeondoo Jung making his name as an international media artist through images, videos, and performance in boundless fiction and reality had “old pop fans” of Crayon-Pop as a theme of art. At this time, people wondered whether it was an art.   

When regarding artistic works as what deals with current cultural phenomena, it might be a bit easier to approach in a perspective of autoethnography. Vogue tends to emerge and disappear at any period of time. In other words, trend in the contemporary era is the characteristics of the relevant time period. Popularity of this idol group beloved by regular old fans aged from 30 to 40 in a perspective of observer provides a hope to those that are not pretty, tall, sophisticated, or outstanding making them realize how it was feasible for “ordinary people leading their lives and earning money in a lonely life to gain game” in a keen competition shown today as a phenomenon of vicarious satisfaction. In addition, the fact that stage installed work is of a performance showing skills makes it feasible for performers to communicate with audiences directly through medium named stage. Therefore, stage installation can be an art piece.

De Waal

De Waal

De Waal has spoken about the influence of music on his work, for example in 2010 on the Radio 3 programme Private Passions.[16]In another interview about music that inspires him in his work, he has described how “you can get yourself into the loops of music… I did a huge porcelain wall – 500 porcelain vessels – and there are rhythms in that wall that completely come out of baroque music. More recently there’s installations where things are in very minimalist, black lead-lined boxes, 12 of them in a row with the same number of vessels in each but they’re arranged in different ways. That’s the porcelain equivalent of Steve Reich‘s systems music! It’s the same notes and the same tones repeated and just slightly different each time and it only makes sense if you’ve got all of it.

De Wall is an artist expressing the rhythm of music, in other words, feeling from sound as an object as shown in the introduction of artists. Sound is to hear, and feeling from it is a thought in human brain. Seen in this perspective, it is surprising to see how they can be expressed in simple black color. What I have always been thinking with a theme of ‘communication’ work was to how a course of making the sound in verbal communication providing response to others by resonating the sound followed by having it back to original speaker in a visual form. Works by De Waal showed the fixed idea of my materials that were originally intended to express what was not visible in a simplified form and to express the image of sound as an image or drawing in the use of digital system in a unique and new method of using ceramic installation. Hereupon, they inspired me to make an attempt on other types of work.


Steve Reich


His innovations include using tape loopsto create phasingpatterns (for example, his early compositions It’s Gonna Rainand Come Out), and the use of simple, audible processes to explore musical concepts (for instance, Pendulum Musicand Four Organs). These compositions, marked by their use of repetitive figures, slow harmonic rhythm and canons, have significantly influenced contemporary music, especially in the US. Reich’s work took on a darker character in the 1980s with the introduction of historical themes as well as themes from his Jewish heritage, notably the Grammy Award-winning Different Trains.

Marina Abramović Presents New Work Investigating Brainwave Synchronization

Marina Abramović Presents New Work Investigating Brainwave Synchronization

Another research of communication

I have concentrated on the communication since it is my lifetime task. I have exerted and will do my bests to express this abstract and universal word. Watching another project of Marina Abramović, I am encouraged to express the communication into my work.

Measuring Magic of Mutual Gazethe

In this performance art, the brainwaves of audiences in front of her were measured like an experiment, focusing on emotional response rather than physical interaction. The audiences in New York said their experiences were overwhelmed by emotion just like hypnotism.

According to ‘The Garage,’ it was intended to study magic scientifically by collecting data.

The performance revealed the stimulation of brain parts while people making eye contact one another. In the performance art, Marina Abramović eliminated the boundary between science and the art, wearing doctor’s gown and lab clothes. Jer Thorp and Aaron Koblin, reputed data artists, considered to transform these brainwave data into an interactive data visual work. However, for my work with theme of communication, these data are applied through analogue art technique in combination with digital medium to show the theme of communication in an elegance way.Measuring Magic of Mutual Gazethe

Being motivated by the work, I would like to try a direct communication not in expressing simple figure but to maximize the message through visual effects. For example, a performance combining the media art and drawing technique can deliver a message to the audiences to facilitate the communication with sympathy. In such way, the media can embrace artistic imagination while the art can widen its passage of communication, so the theme of communication can be expressed effectively once it is portrayed not by a single field but in combination of both art and media. I want to establish the foundation of my work on the old concept of the art, ‘Pictorialization Reappearance’ while adopting diverse media.

I desire to express comprehensive and timely “Communication.”

Marina Abramović e Ulay – MoMA 2010

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Marina Abramović e Ulay – MoMA 2010

 Marina Abramović prepared a space called “A Place for Communication” at 2010 MoMA Project and exhibited a performance art. Many people remember the moving scene that she met her Muse as the partner she loved most in the performance. She encountered him after 22 years of separation at an unexpected place, and they made eye contact for one minute not speaking a word. The performance was the most effective communication that cannot be calculated mathematically.

 Let’s immerse into the performance. As the representative performance artist in the artistic world, Marina Abramović repeated a performance exchanging eye contacts with strangers for a minute at her performance titled ‘The Artist Is Present,’ the largest art exhibition in the history of MoMA. Many audiences happened to be in tears while making eye contact with her. In the near the end of the performance, she was in tears suddenly after making calm eye contacts with hundreds of audiences. Someone made her shed tears. Who was it? The man was Ulay who was her lover in 1970s and her partner organized and performed in a performance group named “the other” together with her. They separated after walking toward each other from the both ends of the Great Wall of China until they met at the middle of the way and hugged one another. After 22 years since the moment, they watched each other for a minute without speaking. The moment may be silent to others, but they made communication exchanging eye contacts. Her tears had such implication.

It shows what communication is. Life is given only once to everyone, and you creates your own story using the single chance by interacting with surroundings as a member of the society. In the story, you establish a connection to someone, and the threads of connections are used to produce a woven fabric as the full story of life.

Alejandro Guijarro

Alejandro Guijarro

The photographer named Alejandro Guijarro performing in London in England and Madrid has made boards at universities such as Cambridge, Stanford, Berkeley, and Oxford for 3 years. 

The work is named as momentum, and what were recorded were boards at the class of quantum mechanics. When confronting difficult works, it is usually understandable when seeing the solution work. However, most of the works had unidentifiable equation expression or the meaning of symbol written on the board. In fact, it is difficult for even experts to understand all the images written on the board at the moment of class. It might be only professor and students that were there when the board was created who could find the meaning of what was written on the board.

Quantum mechanics is one of the fundamental fields of modern physics and is a theory explaining the minute aspects in the universe. In the microscopic world, light and electron are regarded as a particle. Even if the board is regarded as a separate work in the context of class or academia, what attracts people is an impression on intelligence of humankind for how they have created a theory in imagining the world written on the board and explaining them. 

This is one way of communication. 

Among various conditions of communication, what attracts each other, in other words; what understands and shares with each other is most likely related to special medium as much as fine artists communicate with audiences through the work as a medium.  


Mona Hatoum

Mona Hatoum

Body discourse has been emphasized by modern thinkers such as Friedrich Nietzsche, Jean-Paul Sartre, G. Marcel, M. Merleau-Ponty, Michel Foucault, and Gilles Deleuze after the thinker in the 18th century named Giambattista Vico that emphasized the body politics as cogito equation of Descartes was decisively opposed. Especially, realization of body in the socially unstable era including World War I and II was noticeably artistically worth considering. 

There are many of artists showing an interest in fine art history in the 20th century. 

Among them, female artist named Mona Hatoum born in Israel performing in England attempted many times to work on local difference that understood the political and gender disparity in a different way through a medium of physical body. 

I was more impressed by connectivity with communication as a theme on my work more than surprised by the preposterous work style of her. Reflecting the meaning of real communication, it was feasible to consider the communication between two organisms as well as them being together. At this time, if regarding two organisms as a human being, the medium of communication between speaker and listener is of the physical body.  

People’s bodies become the medium as to how they can co-exist with other creatures in which space and also for communication that can express verbal or body language.

In this sense, it is quite sensational for her work to express the body as a communication tool, in other words, the medium or art piece.  

Nam June Paik

Nam June Paik

Nam June Paik was interested in the method of communication and historical change and he was also pay attention to the fact that new technology can change of human environment and also can change communication between human and human. As a title of exhibition “From to Christo”, this is his one of his writing title on 1981. In this writing, he predicts after generation of television and video and he insists that real communication method can be strength of sprit such as telepathy. You can find his intention constantly from his video art work and drawing that he gave to his real friend with his heart.

Nam June Paik _No title_1984_50x37cm_

From his first section “words, village, and heart”, you can see the journey of human civilization that change from the time with no boundary between transportation and method of communication to the age of internet as he says “electronic speed highway”. He makes his art work with insight of human civilization that communicates each other with basic method of communication words, many kinds of letters.

Nam June Paik_TV Buddha_Mixed Media_1974(2002) ⓒ Nam June Paik Estate

Nam June Paik_Rabbit in the moon_ TV_1996 ⓒ Nam June Paik Estate

Karen Kilimnik

Karen Kilimnik


During my college year, I had a lot of fun things, above all, I would say the one of the most valuable and precious thing was tutorial time. Through this time, most of students included me, could learn and ask any questions to them during their art works and tutors gave us counsel and suggestion of direction at the same time. Moreover, they gave us information about students did not recognize. When I had fist tutorial, I got suggestion about association and possibility between my career works and Duchamp‘s works which completed ready-made concept. Because of tutorial, I was convinced about my significant college life. At my second tutorial, tutor told me that I should study about Karen Kilimnik. While I studied her works, I was so pleasure that I almost cry out.

Let me talk about her briefly. She became famous artist in New-York, Zurich, and Dublin with her exhibitions not in France and other Europe Countries. She refereed freely to the not only modern art, but paintings from past great man such as Constable, Reynold, and Goya. Also she referred to the culture, music, ballet, and decorative art. Futhermore, she was inspired by children’s story or fairy tale, legend, and modern pop culture’s icon for her works. Her installation work that was strongly reminiscent of very decorative stage for a play, was a combination of drawing of painting, picture, light, and sound. Her work received both reviews as neo-Romanticism and neo-Kitsch, at the same time.

Her traditional paintings genre, such as, portrait, indoor pictures, landscape, and still-life painting. are consisted with fantastic and romantic images. In her works, these kinds of images and stereotype, for example, historical figure, Hollywood stars, fictional characters from literatures and television, English house surrounded by grassland, and France country house is located in Loire and Fontainebleau Forest, are coexisted.

Her works, freewheelingly deal with anachronism and genre formation as little bit rudeness method, expressed criticism about our generation mass media’s brevity with contrast incompatible things such as, ordinary and strange, highbrow arts and pop culture, reality and fiction, and original and duplication or copy.

As I see world of her works, I was easy to find connection between mobile phone work. one of parts of mass communication system, and my work that draw picture with a lots kinds of pictorial expression of inside of communication theme. Like my tutor’s advice for my work, my works had always same expression mode as a romantic drawing, or the frame that very familiar, looks like on frame of the commercial. All things taken together, tutor’s suggestion about studying Karen Kilimnik was very thankful to me.

More funny thing is the are that her works reached. In 2011, she was in charge of l’Opéra de Paris stage art, It reminded my stage art work that I have done few years ago. Me and her had different expression method and subject, however we had similarity that challenging to solve many kinds of problems based on interest of mass media.

One more similarity with Karen Killmnik with me is energy. she has energy that she can handle tradition ways sweetly with diversity of many kinds of media outlets.